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China’s Efforts to Lead in High Performance Computing

China has been conducting research and development (R&D) in high performance computing (HPC) since the early 1980s, but was a laggard until the beginning of the 2000s. Since then, China’s HPC community has made a concerted effort not only to catch up with the United States, Japan, and other leading countries, but also to become a technological front-runner.

The dual-use nature of HPC technology makes understanding China’s plans, activities, and prospects a priority in the study of global technological leadership and national security, with far-reaching implications for the United States as it seeks to remain a technological leader in this critical capacity

In collaboration with the Computation Division of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, IGCC conducted a three-year project to examine China’s efforts to become a leader in HPC. The project convened experts from both countries to discuss technological progress, policies, and innovation ecosystems for HPC in order to assess the implications for both national security and global technological leadership.


Workshop on the Latest Developments in the Chinese and US High Performance Computing Sectors
May 11, 2015
La Jolla, California

Agenda [pdf]

Assessing China's Efforts in High Performance Computing and What It Means for the United States
February 10, 2015
Washington, DC

Comparing High Performance Computing in the United States and China
April 29–30, 2014
La Jolla, California
Agenda [pdf]
Participants [pdf]
The State of High Performance Computing in China: Political, Econonmic, Strategic, and Innovation Perspectives
January 8, 2014
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Agenda [pdf]


Jordan Wilson, Supercomputing and Energy in China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security, SITC News Analysis, January 2014.

Brian Tsay, The Tianhe-2 Supercomputer: Less than Meets the Eye?, SITC News Analysis, July 2013.