SITC Policy Briefs

IGCC publishes policy and research briefs based on the work of SITC researchers. The annual SITC conference on Chinese defense research, design, and acquisition results in a series of briefs released each winter. Links to briefs in each series are provided below.

SERIES 9: Intensifying US-China Strategic Competition in Defense Technology, Innovation, and Economics

SERIES 9: The Gathering Pacific Storm: Intensifying US-China Strategic Competition in Defense Technology, Innovation, and Economics
(IGCC, February 2017)
Online February 28, 2017

Introduction: The Emergence of Direct US–China Defense Technological Competition
Tai Ming Cheung

Research Brief 2017-1. A Framework for Examining Long-Term Strategic Competition Between Major Powers
Thomas G. MAHNKEN

Research Brief 2017-2. US–China Military Technological Competition and the Making of Chinese Weapons Development Strategies and Plans
Tai Ming CHEUNG

Research Brief 2017-3. A Chinese Perspective on the US Third Offset Strategy and Possible Chinese Responses
FAN Gaoyue

Research Brief 2017-4. Chinese Defense Industry Reforms and Their Implications for US-China Military Technological Competition
Tai Ming CHEUNG, Eric ANDERSON, and Fan YANG

Research Brief 2017-5. Forces Shaping the US Defense Industry
William LUCYSHYN and John RIGILANO

Research Brief 2017-6. Long-Term US Defense Budget Trends and Implications for Defense Technological Innovation
Katherine BLAKELEY

Research Brief 2017-7. The US-China Reconnaissance-Strike Competition: Anti-Ship Missiles, Space, and Counterspace
Kevin POLLPETER

Research Brief 2017-8. Long-Term Strategic Competition between the United States and China in Military Aviation
Oriana Skylar MASTRO and Michael S. CHASE

Research Brief 2017-9. Strategic Competition Between the United States and China in the Maritime Realm
Bryan CLARK and Jordan WILSON

Research Brief 2017-10. Best Frenemies Forever: Artificial Intelligence, Emerging Technologies, and China–US Strategic Competition
Daniel ALDERMAN and Jonathan RAY

Research Brief 2017-11. Russian Perspectives on the Third Offset Strategy and Its Implications for Russian-Chinese Defense Technological Cooperation
Vasily KASHIN

Research Brief 2017-12. US–China Competition, the Third Offset Strategy, and Implications for the Global Arms Industry
Richard BITZINGER

Research Brief 2017-13. US–China Competition in Defense Technological and Industrial Development: Implications for the Balance of Power Over the Long Term
Evan Braden MONTGOMERY

Research Brief 2017-14. Long-Term Economic, Financial, and Industrial Trends in the United States and China
Julian SNELDER

SERIES 8: Human Dimension of China's DSTI System

SERIES 8: The Human Dimension of China’s Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation System
(IGCC, Jan. 2015)
Online Feb. 18, 2015
 
Setting the Stage: Analytical Frameworks
 
Research Brief 2015-1. The Human Dimension in Chinese Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation: An Overview
Tai Ming CHEUNG
 
Research Brief 2015-2. China’s Talent Recruitment Programs: The Road to a Nobel Prize and World Hegemony in Science?
Liming SALVINO
 
Research Brief 2015-3. Surveying China’s Science and Technology Human Talents Programs
Fan YANG
 
The Management of Defense Programs
 
Research Brief 2015-4. Red, But More Expert: The Evolution of China’s “Two Chiefs” Program Manager System
Kevin POLLPETER
 
Research Brief 2015-5. Puppies Who Climbed Out of the River: The Roles and Influence of Chief Commanders and Chief Designers
Andrew ERICKSON
 
Bureaucratic Politics and Higher Education
 
Research Brief 2015-6. The Political and Bureaucratic Influence of the Defense Industrial Lobby in the Chinese Policy Process
Eric ANDERSON
 
Research Brief 2015-7. Higher Education and China’s Defense Science and Technology Establishment
Daniel ALDERMAN
 
Innovation Teams and China’s Cyber Workforce
 
Research Brief 2015-8. Defense Science and Technology Innovation Teams: Mechanisms and Indicators for Indigenous Innovation in China
Darren J. WRIGHT
 
Research Brief 2015-9. The Human Capital Ecosystem Underlying the PLA’s Network Weapons Development
Joe MCREYNOLDS, Leigh Ann RAGLAND, and Amy CHANG
 
China’s Defense Science and Engineering Communities
 
Research Brief 2015-10. Experts in Defense: How China’s Academicians Contribute to Its Defense Science and Technology Development
Jordan WILSON
 
Research Brief 2015-11. Specialist Communities: People and Cultures in China’s Defense Science and Technology System
Alanna KROLIKOWSKI

SERIES 7: Getting to Innovation

SERIES 7: Getting to Innovation: Assessing China's Defense Research, Development, and Acquisitions System 
Introduction to the 2014 SITC Policy Briefs
Kevin POLLPETER

2013 Overview

Policy Brief 2014-1. Changing Trends in the Global Research, Development, and Acquisition Process
Maggie MARCUM and Aliaksandr MILSHYN
 
Policy Brief 2014-2. Assessing High-Risk, High-Benefit Research Organizations: The “DARPA Effect”
Maggie MARCUM
 
Policy Brief 2014-3. A Comparative Study of Global Fighter Development Timelines
Maggie MARCUM
 
Cross-cutting Issues in China’s Research, Development, and Acquisition System
 
Policy Brief 2014-4. A Model for Analysis of China’s Defense Life Cycle Management System
Susan M. PUSKA, Aaron SHRABERG, Daniel ALDERMAN, and Jana ALLEN
 
Policy Brief 2014-5. The Role of Foreign Technology Transfers in China’s Defense Research, Development, and Acquisition Process
Tai Ming CHEUNG
 
Policy Brief 2014-6. China’s Technology Acquisition System, Processes, and Future as an Integrator and Supplier
Kate WALSH
 
Sector Assessments
 
Policy Brief 2014-7. The Research, Development, and Acquisition Process for the Beidou Navigation Satellite Programs
Kevin POLLPETER, Patrick BESHA, and Alanna KROLIKOWSKI
 
Policy Brief 2014-8. Research, Development, and Acquisition in China’s Aviation Industry: the J-10 Fighter and Pterodactyl UAV
Andrew ERICKSON, Hanlu LU, Kathryn BRYAN, and Samuel SEPTEMBRE
 
Policy Brief 2014-9. Enabling Information-Based System of System Operations: The Research, Development, and Acquisition Process for the Integrated Command Platform
Kevin POLLPETER, Eric ANDERSON, Joe McREYNOLDS, Leigh Ann RAGLAND, and Gary Lee THOMAS
 
Policy Brief 2014-10. The Type 054/054A Frigate Series: China’s All-Purpose Surface Combatant
Gabe COLLINS, Morgan CLEMENS, and Kristen GUNNESS
 
Policy Brief 2014-11. China’s Defense RDA in the Ordnance Sector: A Multiple Launch Rocket System Case Study
Cortez A. COOPER, III, Daniel ALDERMAN, and  Mark COZAD
 
Policy Brief 2014-12. China’s Nuclear Weapons Program and the Chinese Research, Development, and Acquisition System
Michael S. CHASE, Stephanie LIEGGI, Andrew S. ERICKSON, and Brian LAFFERTY

SERIES 6: U.S.-China Approaches to STI Policy

SERIES 6: Comparing U.S. and Chinese Approaches to Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) Policy Decision-making 
Online December 2013
 
I. The History and Evolution of STI Policy Decision-making 
 
STI Research Brief 1. The Historical Evolution of STI Policy Decision-making and Key System Characteristics in the United States
Stephanie SHIPP
 
STI Research Brief 2. Evolution and System Characteristics of China’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies
WANG Yuan
 
II. The Roles of Key Actors
 
STI Research Brief 3. The Role of Top-Level Key Actors in STI  Decision-making in China
SHI Dinghuan
 
STI Research Brief 4. The Role of the President in STI Policy-Making in the United States
David HART
 
STI Research Brief 5. The Role of Congress in U.S. Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy
David GOLDSTON
 
STI Research Brief 6. Key Leaders in U.S. Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy
David GOLDSTON
 
STI Research Brief 7. The Evolving Organization of U.S. Innovation Agencies: An Overview
William B. BONVILLIAN
 
III. The Influence of Financial and Budgetary Concerns on STI Decisions
 
STI Research Brief 8. Key Players and the Nature of Their Interactions in U.S. STI Policy: Resource and Budgetary Allocations by the White House and Congress
Mike HOLLAND
 
STI Research Brief 9. Key Players and the Nature of Their Interactions in Chinese STI Resource and Budgetary Allocations
GUO Rong
 
IV. The Influence of Other Organizations: National Academies, Federal Agencies and Ministries, R&D Institutes, Industry and Advisory Groups
 
STI Research Brief 10. The Roles and Influence of Congressionally-Chartered Honorific Organizations on STI Policy Decision-making in the United States
Deborah STINE
 
STI Research Brief 11. National Science Foundation and National Institute of Standards and Technology Roles and Influences on STI Policy-making
Kaye Husbands FEALING
 
STI Research Brief 12. Federally-Funded Research and Development Centers and Universities: Roles and Influence on STI Policy Decision-Making in the United States
Charles V. SHANK
 
STI Research Brief 13. The Role of Research Institutes and Universities in Science and Technology Decision-making in China
SUN Fuquan
 
V. The U.S.-China Innovation Gap
 
STI Research Brief 14. Measuring the U.S.-China Innovation Gap: Initial Findings of the UCSD-Tsinghua Innovation Metrics Survey Project 
UC San Diego Team: Peter COWHEY, Tai Ming CHEUNG, Barry NAUGHTON, and  Eric ANDERSON
Tsinghua University Team: XUE Lan, CHEN Ling, and WANG Gangbo
 

SERIES 5: Political Economy of Security in Asia

SERIES 5: Rich Region, Strong States: The Political Economy of Security in Asia
Produced in collaboration with the Naval War College
Online April 2013
 
I. The Economic Underpinnings of Military Power in the Asia-Pacific Region Over the Next Decade
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2013-1. Asian Defense Spending Trends
David J. BERTEAU and Joachim HOFBAUER
 
II. The Military-Security Underpinnings of Economic Dynamics in Asia
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2013-2. The East Asian Political Economy: Stylized Facts and Security Debates
Stephan HAGGARD
 
III. Domestic Dynamics
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2013-3. Domestic Dynamics
T.J. PEMPEL
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2013-4: Can China’s Political System Sustain Its Peaceful Rise?
Susan L. SHIRK
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2013-5. Debating the U.S. Defense Budget: Cost Versus Risk
Thomas MAHNKEN
 
IV. Key Trends in the Economic Geography of Security in Asia
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2013-6. China’s Political Uses of Sea Power
Toshi YOSHIHARA
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2013-7. Assessing Future Flashpoints in the South China Sea
Brad KAPLAN
 
V. Trends in the Military-Security Dimensions of Industrialization, Technology Development, and the Changing Locus of Innovation in Asia
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2013-8. Japan in Asia’s Space Race: Directions and Implications
Saadia M. PEKKANEN
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2013-9. The Third Wave: Innovation and Strategic Military Capacity in the Future
Peter COWHEY

SERIES 4: The Chinese Defense Economy Takes Off

SERIES 4: The Chinese Defense Economy Takes Off: Sector-By-Sector Assessments and the Role of Military End-Users
(IGCC, Jan. 2013)

2012 Overview

Research Brief 2013-1. The Chinese Defense Economy in the Early 2010s
Tai Ming CHEUNG
 
Research Brief 2013-2. The State of China’s Defense Research and Development: Great Expectations
Kathleen WALSH
 
Research Brief 2013-3. Developing A Framework to Identify Innovation in the Defense Research, Development, and Acquisition Processes
Maggie MARCUM
 
Sector Assessments
 
Research Brief 2013-4. The China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation and the Concept of Integrated Innovation: A Case Study
Kevin POLLPETER
 
Research Brief 2013-5. Innovation in China’s Defense Aviation Industry
Michael RASKA and Alanna KROLIKOWSKI
 
Research Brief 2013-6. China Has Become a Top Global Warship Builder
Gabe COLLINS
 
Research Brief 2013-7. China’s Defense Electronics and Information Technology Industry
LeighAnn RAGLAND, Joe McREYNOLDS, and Debra GEARY
 
Research Brief 2013-8. China’s Ordnance Industry: More Butter Than Guns
Daniel ALDERMAN and Arthur DING
 
Research Brief 2013-9. China’s Nuclear Industry After Fukushima
Jingdong YUAN
 
Research Brief 2013-10. China’s Civil-Military Integration
Brian LAFFERTY, Aaron SHRABERG, and Morgan CLEMENS
 
Research Brief 2013-11. Military-Technical Cooperation Between Russia and China: Current State and Prospects
Vasily KASHIN
 
The Role of End Users
 
Research Brief 2013-12. The People’s Liberation Army Air Force and the Chinese Aviation Industry
Phillip C. SAUNDERS and Joshua WISEMAN
 
Research Brief 2013-13. China’s Navy Embraces Technology: Western Science, Chinese Culture?
Bernard COLE
 
Research Brief 2013-14. China’s Evolving Defense Economy: A PLA Ground Force Perspective
Cortez A. COOPER III
 
Research Brief 2013-15. The PLA’s Second Artillery Force as a Customer of China’s Defense Industry
Michael S. CHASE

SERIES 3: Changing Military Dynamics in East Asia

SERIES 3: Changing Military Dynamics in East Asia: Grand Strategic and Technological Drivers and the Implications for U.S. and Regional Security
Produced in collaboration with the Naval War College
Online January 2012
 
I. Evolving Grand Strategies
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 1. The United States’ Grand Strategy in the Asia-Pacific Region
Thomas G. MAHNKEN
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 2. Changing Military Dynamics in East Asia: Australia’s Evolving Grand Strategy
Andrew SHEARER
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 3. Grand Strategies on the Korean Peninsula
Stephan HAGGARD
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 4. A Dynamic Defense Force for Japan
Sugio TAKAHASHI
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 5. India’s Grand Strategy: Some Preliminary Thoughts
Timothy D. HOYT
 
II. Technological Drivers
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 6. Japan’s Defense Industry, Science and Technology in the Northeast Asia Strategic Landscape
Sugio TAKAHASHI 
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 7. Southeast Asian Approaches to Military Technology and Defense Science and Technology
Richard A. BITZINGER
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 8. Regional Macro-Trends in the Development of Military Technology and Defense Science and Technology
Richard A. BITZINGER
 
III. Implications
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 9. Through the Lens of Distance: Understanding and Responding to China’s “Ripples of Capability”
Andrew S. ERICKSON
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 10. Explaining Varying Asian Responses to China: Strategic Evolution in the Cases of Japan, Korea, and Thailand
John F. FEI
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 11. Japan’s China Strategy
Sugio TAKAHASHI 
 
SITC-NWC Policy Brief 12. AirSea Battle and Escalation Risks
Joshua ROVNER

SERIES 2: New Perspectives on the Chinese Defense Economy

SERIES 2: New Perspectives on Assessing the Chinese Defense Economy: 2011 Industry Overview and Policy Briefs
(IGCC, Oct. 2011)
 
I. New Perspectives on the Workings of the Chinese Defense Economy
 
Policy Brief 19. Rejuvenating the Chinese Defense Economy: Present Developments and Future Trends
Tai Ming CHEUNG
 
Policy Brief 20. Innovation in China’s Defense Research, Development, and Acquisition Process
Tai Ming CHEUNG
 
Policy Brief 21. China’s Military Representatives: Striving Toward Professional Contracting and Procurement
Susan M. PUSKA, Joe MCREYNOLDS, and Debra GEARY
 
Policy Brief 22. China’s Defense High-Tech Leadership: Implications for S&T Innovation
Eric HAGT
 
Policy Brief 23. China’s Defense Innovation System: Making the Wheels Spin
Kathleen A. WALSH and Ed FRANCIS
 
Policy Brief 24. Civil–Military Integration Efforts in China
David YANG
 
II. Case Study of the Chinese Space and Missile Industry
 
Policy Brief 25. China’s Evolving Space and Missile Industry
Mark STOKES
 
Policy Brief 26. Organization as Innovation: China’s Human Spaceflight Program’s Efforts to Instill a Quality Management System
Kevin POLLPETER
 
Policy Brief 27. Frameworks for Analyzing Chinese Defense and Military Innovation
Tai Ming CHEUNG, Thomas G. MAHNKEN, and Andrew L. ROSS
 
Policy Brief 28. Locating China’s Place in the Global Defense Economy
Richard BITZINGER, Michael RASKA, Collin Koh Swee LEAN, and Kelvin Wong Ka WENG
 
Policy Brief 29. China’s Rise as a Global S&T Power and China–EU Cooperation
Oliver BRÄUNER

SERIES 1: The Rise of the Chinese Defense Economy

SERIES 1: The Rise of the Chinese Defense Economy: Innovation Potential, Industrial Performance, and Regional Comparisons
(IGCC, Sept. 2010)
 
I. Understanding Military Innovation and Its Application to China's Emergence as a Major Defense Power
 
Policy Brief 1. On Military Innovation: Toward an Analytical Framework
Andrew ROSS
 
Policy Brief 2. Understanding Military Innovation: Chinese Defense S&T in Historical and Theoretical Perspective
Thomas MAHNKEN
 
Policy Brief 3. The Chinese Defense Economy’s Long March From Imitation to Innovation
Tai Ming CHEUNG
 
Policy Brief 4. Does Doctrine Drive Technology or Does Technology Drive Doctrine?
Dennis BLASKO
 
II. Assessing the State of China's Defense Technological and Industrial Base
 
Policy Brief 5. Contemporary Chinese Defense Industry Reform and Civil–Military Integration in Three Key Organizations
Edward FRANCIS and Susan M. PUSKA
 
Policy Brief 6. China’s Defense Electronics Industry: Innovation, Adaptation, and Espionage
James MULVENON and Matthew LUCE
 
Policy Brief 7. China’s Shipbuilding Industry Development: A Boost for Naval Ship Production?
Gabe COLLINS
 
Policy Brief 8. China’s Ordnance Industry Under Modernization
Arthur DING
 
Policy Brief 9. Trends in the Development of China’s Aviation Industry
Alison PEET and Samm TYROLER-COOPER
 
Policy Brief 10. China’s Space Industry in 2009: A Year in Review
Kevin POLLPETER
 
Policy Brief 11. Spin-on for the Renaissance? The Current State of China’s Nuclear Industry
Jingdong YUAN
 
III. China's Defense Technological Rise in Comparative Perspective: The Role of Defense Industries in Other Asia-Pacific Countries
 
Policy Brief 12. China’s Defense Technology and Industrial Base in a Regional Context
Richard BITZINGER
 
Policy Brief 13. The Slow Death of Japanese Techno-Nationalism? Comparative Lessons for China’s Future Defense Production
Christopher HUGHES
 
Policy Brief 14. Defense Innovation and Industrialization in South Korea
Chung-In MOON and Jae Ok PAEK
 
Policy Brief 15. The Current State of European Union–China High-Tech Cooperation
May-Britt STUMBAUM and Oliver BRÄUNER

Other

Policy Brief 30. The Chinese Chang’e Lunar Exploration Project and Its Management Structure (July 2012)
Hanlu LU
 
Policy Brief 18. Toward Greater Pragmatism? China’s Approach to Innovation and Standardization (August 2011)
Dieter ERNST
 
Policy Brief 17. The J-20 Fighter Aircraft and the State of China's Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation Potential (January 2011)
Tai Ming CHEUNG
 
Policy Brief 16. The Changing Dynamics Behind China's Rise as a Military Technological Power (December 2010)
Tai Ming CHEUNG