Review of China’s Defense Dual-Use Technology and Industrial Base

China’s defense science, technology, and industrial base and supporting civilian and dual-use sectors are undergoing major changes as a result of the country’s economic reforms and integration with the global economy. The nature, pace, and extent of this change varies widely across industries.
The ordnance, aviation, nuclear, and other legacy sectors face greater challenges because of historical burdens such as excessively large work forces, social welfare obligations, the dominance of state institutions, and obsolete plant equipment.
Newer industries like the information and communications technology, information security, and nano-technology sectors are at the forefront of China’s economic transformation and aspirations to become a global leader.
This project undertakes annual assessments of the development of critical components of China’s defense and dual-use economy to provide insights into the specific dynamics that shape the development of these diverse sectors.

Research Agenda

  1. The nature of sectoral technological innovation
  2. Balancing indigenous development or external reliance
  3. Sources of investment and impact of market forces
  4. Comparison with international standards
  5. Industry-academic linkages
  6. Role of end users in shaping technology requirements
  7. Level of dual-use activity

Project Leads

Tai Ming Cheung
Bates Gill