Innovation and Technology in China

The IGCC project on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC), led by Director Tai Ming Cheung, seeks to understand the approaches, challenges, and prospects for success in China’s quest for technological transformation.

The goals of the project are several-fold:

  • Conduct investigations into the fast-changing evolution of the Chinese defense and dual-use STI bases.
  • Locate this research within a broad functional and comparative framework that contrasts the Chinese experience with Korea, Taiwan, Japan, and the United States.
  • Address the security implications of China’s military and technological transformation for the United States and the international community.
  • Bring together and nurture a community of US scholars from diverse disciplinary fields to help develop the field of Chinese security and technology studies and a center for academic excellence at IGCC.

IGCC established SITC in 2009, with primary funding from the Department of Defense Minerva Initiative.

Research Areas

Review of China’s Defense, Dual-Use Technology, and Industrial Bases

Comparing China’s Approach to Technological Development with Latecomers and Peer Competitors

The Political Economy of China’s Technological Rise in the Civilian and Strategic Sectors

China’s Technological Development and Implications for US, European, and International Technology Trade Policies

Structures, Processes, and Leadership of the Chinese Science and Technology System

Historical Influences on Contemporary Chinese Grand Strategic Thinking on Science and Technology

Relational Database Project

Activities

Past SITC summer workshops

 

2016

Conference on US-China Strategic Competition in Defense Technological and Industrial Development
July 27–28, 2016
La Jolla, CA

Change and Continuity in Chinese Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation and the Chinese High Command and Defense Policy-Making System: Research Insights from the Project on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China
March 16, 2016
Washington, DC

2015

New Insights into Chinese Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation
July 29, 2015
La Jolla, California
Jointly organized by the University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation and the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University

Chinese Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation in a Period of Major Change: Research Insights From the Project on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China
February 9–10, 2015
Washington, DC

2014

Joint Dialogue on Comparing US and Chinese Approaches to Science and Technology Budgetary and Resource Allocation
October 22–23, 2014
Beijing, China
 
IGCC 2014 Annual Conference on the Chinese Defense Industry: Personalities, Talent, and the Human Capital Base
August 9–10, 2014
La Jolla, California
 
Chinese Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation in the Era of Xi Jinping: Research Insights from the Project on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China
January 30–31, 2014
Washington, DC
 

2013

Historical Influence of Contemporary Chinese Grand Strategic Thinking on Science and Technology
October 17–18, 2013
La Jolla, California
 
Dialogue on Comparing US and Chinese Approaches to Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy Decision-making
August 1–2, 2013
La Jolla, California
Sponsored by IGCC and the Chinese Academy of Science and Technology Development
 
2013 Annual Conference on the Chinese Defense Industry: Understanding the Structure, Process, and Performance of the Chinese Defense Research, Development, and Acquisition System
July 29–30, 2013
La Jolla, California
 
Assessing the State of China’s Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation Capabilities
March 7, 2013
Honolulu, HI
 
PUBLIC TALK: Evolving Legal Frameworks for Protecting Internet Privacy in China
Jinghong Xu, Associate Professor of Communication, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
February 12, 2013
Download the flyer [PDF]
 
PUBLIC TALK: China’s New Navy—and Asia’s New Naval Arms Race?
Bernard Cole, Professor of International History, US Naval War College
January 30, 2013
La Jolla, California
Download the flyer [PDF]
 
China’s Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation System: Current State and Development Prospects over the Next Decade
January 14–15, 2013
Washington, DC
 

2012

Rich Region, Strong States: The Political Economy of Security in Asia
November 4–5, 2012
La Jolla, California
Co-sponsored by the Project on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China and the US Naval War College Jerome Levy Chair of Economic Geography and National Security
 
Conference Summary [PDF]
Research Briefs
 
China’s High-Tech Trade and Investment with Major Partners: Channels and Implications
July 23–24, 2012
La Jolla, California
Joint SIPRI-IGCC Workshop 
 
Conference on China’s Defense Science, Technology, and Industrial Base
July 19–20, 2012
La Jolla, California
 
Conference on the Structure, Process, and Leadership of the Chinese Science and Technology System
July 16–17, 2012
La Jolla, California
 
Workshop Comparing Chinese and US Innovation Competitiveness 
March 22–23, 2012
La Jolla, California
 
Assessing the State of China’s Civilian and Defense Science and Technology Capabilities: Political, Strategic, Military and Technological Dimensions
February 1, 2012
La Jolla, California
Briefing for local U.S. military leaders (from C3F and SURFOR). Speakers included Tai Ming Cheung, Susan Shirk, and David Finkelstein.
 
PUBLIC TALK: China’s National Security Policymaking Capacity
David Finkelstein, Vice President of the Center for Naval Analyses and Director of CNA China Studies
February 1, 2012
La Jolla, California
Download the flyer [PDF]
 
China Minerva Scholars Conference: Research on Chinese Security and Technology by Emerging Scholars and Analysts
January 27, 2012
Washington, DC
 
Workshop on the Military and Geo-Strategic Implications of China’s Rise as a Global Technological Power
January 25–26, 2012
Washington, DC
 
Workshop on Assessing the State of China’s Civilian and Defense Science and Technology Capabilities: Political, Strategic, Military and Technological Dimensions
January 4, 2012
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
 

2011

Changing Military Dynamics in East Asia: Grand Strategic and Technological Drivers and the Implications for U.S. and Regional Security
September 12–13, 2011
La Jolla, California
Sponsored by US Naval War College and IGCC
SITC-NWC Policy Briefs
 
The Chinese Defense Industry
June 30–July 1, 2011
La Jolla, California
 
The Political Economy of China’s Technology and Innovation Policies
June 27–28, 2011
La Jolla, California
 
PUBLIC TALK: What Went Wrong?: China's Assertive Diplomacy and Japan-China Relations
Prof. Akio Takahara, Tokyo University
March 28, 2011
La Jolla, California
Download the flyer [PDF]
 
Workshop on Assessing the State of China’s Civilian and Defense Science and Technology Capabilities [PDF]
March 21–22, 2011
United States Pacific Command
Honolulu, HI
 
PUBLIC EVENT: Chinese Universities and Innovation: Comparisons with the United States
February 8, 2011
La Jolla, California
Download the flyer
 
February 7, 2011
PUBLIC TALK: Long-Term Defense Planning in Asia and Its Impact on Regional Military Dynamics
Richard Bitzinger, Senior Fellow, Military Transformations Program, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies
La Jolla, California
Download the flyer [PDF]
 
PUBLIC TALK: Awash in Debt: State Liabilities and the Future of the Chinese Economy
Victor Shih, Department of Political Science, Northwestern University
La Jolla, California
January 21, 2011
La Jolla, California
Download the flyer [PDF]
 
PUBLIC TALK: Engaging China in Nuclear Nonproliferation
Noah Pope, Deputy Program Director for Nuclear Nonproliferation, Los Alamos National Laboratory
January 10, 2011
La Jolla, California
Download the flyer [PDF]
 

2010

Training Workshop on the Military and Geo-Strategic Implications of China’s Rise as a Global Technological Power
November 18, 2010
Washington, DC
 
China’s Defense and Dual-Use Science, Technology, and Industrial Base (D2STI)
July 1–2, 2010
La Jolla, California
 
U.S.–China Informal Bilateral Dialogue on Science and Technology Policy
June 30, 2010
La Jolla, California
Announcement [PDF]
 
Evaluating Chinese Approaches to National Innovation: Comparative and Sectoral Perspectives [PDF]
June 28–29, 2010
La Jolla, California
 
PUBLIC EVENT: Innovative China: The Sources and Obstacles to China's Aspirations to be a World Class Creative Power
June 24, 2010
La Jolla, California
Summary [PDF]
 
PUBLIC TALK: A Strategic Assessment of North Asia and Implications for the United States
Tom Fingar, Former Chairman of the National Intelligence Council
May 10, 2010
La Jolla, California
Download the flyer [PDF]

People

Principal Investigator
Tai Ming CHEUNG
IGCC
 
Senior Co-Investigators
Susan SHIRK
School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, UC San Diego
 
Barry NAUGHTON
School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, UC San Diego
 
Project Leads 
Peter COWHEY
Dean, School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, UC San Diego
 
Dieter ERNST
East-West Center
 
Bates GILL
University of Sydney United States Study Centre             
 
David MEYER
Department of Mathematics, UC San Diego
 
Alice MILLER
Stanford University and the Hoover Institution
 
Research Staff 
Eric ANDERSON
Research Analyst, IGCC
 
Project Manager
Elizabeth SANTILLANEZ

Publications

China D-Tech Watch

China D-Tech Watch is a biweekly news digest highlighting the Chinese defense industry, produced by the Study of Innovation and Technology project at the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation. Each issue puts news in context with a short analysis written by the SITC research team. 

Subscribe to China D-Tech Watch

The SITC Bulletin

The weekly email newsletter provides a concise yet comprehensive selection of the most important English and Chinese language reporting on Chinese science, technology, and innovation issues ranging from official policy announcements and leadership activity to corporate news, project updates, and analysis of key developments by leading experts.

Subscribe to SITC Bulletin
 

News Analysis

Translation: Interview with Lei Fanpei
November 8, 2016

Xi Jinping’s Intensifying Engagement with the Military and Defense Industry
October 21, 2016

Aircraft Engine Corporation of China
June 30, 2016

The National Conference on Science and Technology
June 9, 2016

The Civil-Military Integration Coordinating Small Group
May 20, 2016

HPC and Oil Security in China
Jordan WILSON, January 2014
 
China's Space Robotic Arm Programs
Kevin POLLPETER, October 2013

The Tianhe-2 Supercomputer: Less than Meets the Eye?
Brian TSAY, July 2013
 
China's Dream Army
Joseph E. MILLER, June 2013
 
Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviation and Aerospace Applications (Part 2)
Eric ANDERSON, May 2013
 
Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part 1)
Eric ANDERSON, May 2013
 
Competition and Cooperation: The Story Behind the Y-20 Maiden Flight
Hanlu LU, March 2013
 
University of Strathclyde and CALT Launch Joint Laboratory
Lauren REED, March 2013
 
China’s Second Ballistic Missile Defense Test: A Search for Strategic Stability
Kevin POLLPETER, February 2013
 

SITC Policy and Research Briefs

SERIES 9: The Gathering Pacific Storm: Intensifying US–China Strategic Competition in Defense Technology, Innovation, and Economics  (IGCC, Feb. 2017)

SERIES 8: The Human Dimension of China’s Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation System (IGCC, Jan. 2015)
  
SERIES 7: Getting to Innovation: Assessing China's Defense Research, Development, and Acquisition System (IGCC, Jan. 2014)
  
SERIES 6: Comparing US and Chinese Approaches to Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy Decision-making
  
SERIES 5: Rich Region, Strong States: The Political Economy of Security in Asia
  
SERIES 4: The Chinese Defense Economy Takes Off: Sector-By-Sector Assessments and the Role of Military End-Users (IGCC, Oct. 2013)
  
SERIES 3: Changing Military Dynamics in East Asia: Grand Strategic and Technological Drivers and the Implications for U.S. and Regional Security
  
SERIES 2: New Perspectives on Assessing the Chinese Defense Economy: 2011 Industry Overview and Policy Briefs  (IGCC, Oct. 2011)
  
SERIES 1: The Rise of the Chinese Defense Economy: Innovation Potential, Industrial Performance, and Regional Comparisons  (IGCC, Sept. 2010)
  
Policy Brief 30. The Chinese Chang’e Lunar Exploration Project and Its Management Structure
Hanlu LU, July 2012
 
Policy Brief 18. Toward Greater Pragmatism? China’s Approach to Innovation and Standardization
Dieter ERNST, August 2011
 
Policy Brief 17. The J-20 Fighter Aircraft and the State of China's Defense Science, Technology, and Innovation Potential
Tai Ming CHEUNG, January 2011
 
Policy Brief 16. The Changing Dynamics Behind China's Rise as a Military Technological Power Tai Ming CHEUNG, December 2010
 

Books and Book Chapters

Cheung, Tai Ming, ed. Forging China’s Military Might: A New Framework for Assessing Science, Technology, and the Role of Innovation (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014)

Cheung, Tai Ming, ed. China's Emergence as a Defense Technological Power (London: Routledge, 2012).

Cheung, Tai Ming. “Strategic Latency with Chinese Characteristics: The Quest to Realize Its Strategic Potential in the 21st Century.” In Strategic Latency and World Power: How Technology Is Changing Our Concepts of Security, edited by Zachary Davis, Michael Nacht, and Ronald Lehman (Livermore, CA: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 2014).
 

Journal Articles

Links to journal articles are provided as a courtesy. Your access will depend on your academic institution's subscription policy.

China’s Emergence as a Defense Technological Power,” ed. Tai Ming Cheung. Special issue of the Journal of Strategic Studies, June 2011.

Bitzinger, Richard A. “China's Defense Technology and Industrial Base in a Regional Context: Arms Manufacturing in Asia.” Journal of Strategic Studies 34, No. 3 (2011): 425‒50.

Blasko, Dennis J. “‘Technology Determines Tactics’: The Relationship Between Technology and Doctrine in Chinese Military Thinking.Journal of Strategic Studies 34, No. 3 (2011): 355‒81.

Bräuner, Oliver. “Is Europe Feeding the Dragon? EU Transfers of Militarily Relevant Technologies to China.Journal of East Asian Studies 13, No. 3 (Sept.–Dec. 2013): 457–82.

Cheung, Tai Ming. “China's Emergence as a Defense Technological Power: Introduction.” Journal of Strategic Studies 34, No. 3 (2011): 295‒97.

Cheung, Tai Ming. “The Chinese Defense Economy's Long March from Imitation to Innovation.” Journal of Strategic Studies 34, No. 3 (2011): 325‒54.

Cheung, Tai Ming. Dragon on the Horizon: China's Defense Industrial Renaissance.  Journal of Strategic Studies 32, No. 1 (2009): 29–66.

Cheung, Tai Ming, and Bates Gill, “Trade Versus Security: How Countries Balance Technology Transfers with China,Journal of East Asian Studies 13, No. 3 (Sept.–Dec. 2013): 443–56.

Evron, Yoram. “Between Beijing and Washington: Israel’s Technology Transfers to China.Journal of East Asian Studies 13, No. 3 (Sept.–Dec. 2013): 503–28.

Hughes, Christopher W. “The Slow Death of Japanese Techno-Nationalism? Emerging Comparative Lessons for China's Defense Production.” Journal of Strategic Studies 34, No. 3 (2011): 451‒79.

Mahnken, Thomas G. “China's Anti-Access Strategy in Historical and Theoretical Perspective.Journal of Strategic Studies 34, No. 3 (2011): 299‒323.

Marukawa, Tomoo. “Japan’s High-Technology Trade with China and Its Export Control.Journal of East Asian Studies 13, No. 3 (Sept.–Dec. 2013): 483–501.

Pollpeter, Kevin. “Upward and Onward: Technological Innovation and Organizational Change in China's Space Industry.Journal of Strategic Studies 34, No. 3 (2011): 405‒23.

Tyroler-Cooper, Samm, and Alison Peet. “The Chinese Aviation Industry: Techno-Hybrid Patterns of Development in the C919 Program.” Journal of Strategic Studies 34, No. 3 (2011): 383‒404.

Testimony

Cheung, Tai Ming. Remaking Cinderella: The Nature and Development of China’s Aviation Industry. Testimony before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission Hearing on China’s Emergent Military Aerospace and Commercial Aviation Capabilities, May 20, 2010.
 
Pollpeter, Kevin. Testimony Before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission Hearing on China’s Space and Counterspace Programs, February 18, 2015.
 

Other

Cheung, Tai Ming. “Mianyang-Science at the Epicenter: The Shaken Foundations of Mianyang’s Quest to Be a Dual-Use and Hi-Tech Hub.” George Mason School of Law National Center for Technology and Law. Science Trade and Technology Program Policy Brief. August 2008.