International security in the twenty-first century has been transformed from a stark bipolar confrontation of states and their surrogates, characteristic of the Cold War, to interactions among a wide variety of actors and institutions.
International and regional organizations, state and local government agencies, nonprofits, and the private sector play unprecedented roles in shaping security—positively or negatively—in this rapidly changing strategic environment, challenging old definitions of what security means, who is or should be involved, and what role national governments play. The interactions of these forces informs IGCC research as to how technological innovation works and what the security implications of new technologies might be. Of particular interest is China’s ambition to catch up in science, technology, and innovation, both civilian and military, in the next one to two decades.
Traditional threats such as nuclear proliferation persist, but with a new twist as non-state actors become more prominent and, perhaps, seek to bolster their cause by obtaining weapons of mass destruction. IGCC work with implications for nuclear security includes improving international regime governance, engaging with states such as North Korea, and training new generations of experts with technical and policy expertise in this field.